Diabetes is a condition that can be treated but can’t be cured. You can still live a long and healthy life. All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became available in 1921. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise and diet. Weight reduction, diet and exercise is the first line of treatment for Type 2 diabetes. If these measures do not control the elevated blood sugars, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin treatment is considered. The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any increase of blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. You can do this with:
Healthy Diet – There is no one specific diet for diabetes. Your diet should be low in fat, cholesterol, salt and added sugar. It should have lots of complex carbohydrates (whole-grain breads, cereals, etc.), fruits and vegetables.
Weight reduction and Regular Exercise – Being overweight increases insulin resistance and people with sedentary lifestyle are more prone to diabetes. Weight reduction and exercise are important for diabetes. They help to control blood sugar elevation by increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin.
MEDICATIONS – If your diabetes can’t be controlled with diet, exercise and weight control, your doctor may recommend anti-diabetic medications or insulin. Most people who have type 2 diabetes start with an oral medicine.
INSULIN INJECTIONS – Insulin is the backbone of treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. Insulin is also important in type 2 diabetes when blood glucose levels cannot be controlled by diet, weight loss, exercise and oral medicines.